Lyrica

Lyrica Drug Description

LYRICA
(pregabalin) Capsules

LYRICA
(pregabalin) Oral Solution

DRUG DESCRIPTION

What are the possible side effects of pregabalin (Lyrica)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any new or worsening symptoms such as: mood or behavior changes, depression, anxiety, or if you feel agitated, hostile, restless, hyperactive (mentally or physically), or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

Pregabalin is described chemically as (S)-3-(aminomethyl)-5-methylhexanoic acid. The molecular formula is C8H17NO2 and the molecular weight is 159.23. The chemical structure of pregabalin is:

 

Pregabalin is a white to off-white, crystalline solid with a pKa1 of 4.2 and a pKa2 of 10.6. It is freely soluble in water and both basic and acidic aqueous solutions. The log of the partition coefficient (n-octanol/0.05M phosphate buffer) at pH 7.4 is – 1.35.

LYRICA (pregabalin) Capsules are administered orally and are supplied as imprinted hard-shell capsules containing 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 225, and 300 mg of pregabalin, along with lactose monohydrate, cornstarch, and talc as inactive ingredients. The capsule shells contain gelatin and titanium dioxide. In addition, the orange capsule shells contain red iron oxide and the white capsule shells contain sodium lauryl sulfate and colloidal silicon dioxide. Colloidal silicon dioxide is a manufacturing aid that may or may not be present in the capsule shells. The imprinting ink contains shellac, black iron oxide, propylene glycol, and potassium hydroxide.

LYRICA (pregabalin) oral solution, 20 mg/mL, is administered orally and is supplied as a clear, colorless solution contained in a 16 fluid ounce white HDPE bottle with a polyethylene-lined closure. The oral solution contains 20 mg/mL of pregabalin, along with methylparaben, propylparaben, monobasic sodium phosphate anhydrous, dibasic sodium phosphate anhydrous, sucralose, artificial strawberry #11545 and purified water as inactive ingredients.

LYRICA is given orally with or without food. When discontinuing LYRICA, taper gradually over a minimum of 1 week.

Neuropathic pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

The maximum recommended dose of LYRICA is 100 mg three times a day (300 mg/day) in patients with creatinine clearance of at least 60 mL/min. Begin dosing at 50 mg three times a day (150 mg/day). The dose may be increased to 300 mg/day within 1 week based on efficacy and tolerability. Because LYRICA is eliminated primarily by renal excretion, adjust the dose in patients with reduced renal function.

Although LYRICA was also studied at 600 mg/day, there is no evidence that this dose confers additional significant benefit and this dose was less well tolerated. In view of the dose-dependent adverse reactions, treatment with doses above 300 mg/day is not recommended].

Postherpetic neuralgia

The recommended dose of LYRICA is 75 to 150 mg two times a day, or 50 to 100 mg three times a day (150 to 300 mg/day) in patients with creatinine clearance of at least 60 mL/min. Begin dosing at 75 mg two times a day, or 50 mg three times a day (150 mg/day). The dose may be increased to 300 mg/day within 1 week based on efficacy and tolerability. Because LYRICA is eliminated primarily by renal excretion, adjust the dose in patients with reduced renal function.

Patients who do not experience sufficient pain relief following 2 to 4 weeks of treatment with 300 mg/day, and who are able to tolerate LYRICA, may be treated with up to 300 mg two times a day, or 200 mg three times a day (600 mg/day). In view of the dose-dependent adverse reactions and the higher rate of treatment discontinuation due to adverse reactions, reserve dosing above 300 mg/day for those patients who have on-going pain and are tolerating 300 mg daily].

Adjunctive therapy for adult patients with partial onset seizures

LYRICA at doses of 150 to 600 mg/day has been shown to be effective as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial onset seizures in adults. Both the efficacy and adverse event profiles of LYRICA have been shown to be dose-related. Administer the total daily dose in two or three divided doses. In general, it is recommended that patients be started on a total daily dose no greater than 150 mg/day (75 mg two times a day, or 50 mg three times a day). Based on individual patient response and tolerability, the dose may be increased to a maximum dose of 600 mg/day.

Because LYRICA is eliminated primarily by renal excretion, adjust the dose in patients with reduced renal function.

The effect of dose escalation rate on the tolerability of LYRICA has not been formally studied.

The efficacy of add-on LYRICA in patients taking gabapentin has not been evaluated in controlled trials. Consequently, dosing recommendations for the use of LYRICA with gabapentin cannot be offered.

Management of Fibromyalgia

The recommended dose of LYRICA for fibromyalgia is 300 to 450 mg/day. Begin dosing at 75 mg two times a day (150 mg/day). The dose may be increased to 150 mg two times a day (300 mg/day) within 1 week based on efficacy and tolerability. Patients who do not experience sufficient benefit with 300 mg/day may be further increased to 225 mg two times a day (450 mg/day). Although LYRICA was also studied at 600 mg/day, there is no evidence that this dose confers additional benefit and this dose was less well tolerated. In view of the dose-dependent adverse reactions, treatment with doses above 450 mg/day is not recommended. Because LYRICA is eliminated primarily by renal excretion, adjust the dose in patients with reduced renal function.

Patients with Renal Impairment

In view of dose-dependent adverse reactions and since LYRICA is eliminated primarily by renal excretion, adjust the dose in patients with reduced renal function. Base the dose adjustment in patients with renal impairment on creatinine clearance (CLcr), as indicated in Table 1. To use this dosing table, an estimate of the patient's CLcr in mL/min is needed. CLcr in mL/min may be estimated from serum creatinine (mg/dL) determination using the Cockcroft and Gault equation:

 

CLCr = [140 -age (years) ] x weight (kg) (x 0.85 for female patients)
72x serum creatinine (mg/dL)

Next, refer to the Dosage and Administration section to determine the recommended total daily dose based on indication, for a patient with normal renal function (CLcr ≥ 60 mL/min). Then refer to Table 1 to determine the corresponding renal adjusted dose.

(For example: A patient initiating LYRICA therapy for postherpetic neuralgia with normal renal function (CLcr ≥ 60 mL/min), receives a total daily dose of 150 mg/day pregabalin. Therefore, a renal impaired patient with a CLcr of 50 mL/min would receive a total daily dose of 75 mg/day pregabalin administered in two or three divided doses.)

For patients undergoing hemodialysis, adjust the pregabalin daily dose based on renal function. In addition to the daily dose adjustment, administer a supplemental dose immediately following every 4-hour hemodialysis treatment

Oral Solution Concentration and Dispensing

The oral solution is 20 mg pregabalin per milliliter (mL) and prescriptions should be written in milligrams (mg). The pharmacist will calculate the applicable dose in mL for dispensing (e.g., 150 mg equals 7.5 mL oral solution).

Dosage Forms And Strengths

Capsules: 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, 200 mg, 225 mg, and 300 mg Oral Solution: 20 mg/mL].

Storage And Handling

25 mg capsules:

White, hard-gelatin capsule printed with black ink “Pfizer” on the cap, “PGN 25” on the body; available in:

Bottles of 90: NDC 0071-1012-68

50 mg capsules:

White, hard-gelatin capsule printed with black ink “Pfizer” on the cap, “PGN 50” and an ink band on the body, available in:

Bottles of 90: NDC 0071-1013-68
Unit-Dose Blister Packages of 100: NDC 0071-1013-41

75 mg capsules:

White/orange hard gelatin capsule printed with black ink “Pfizer” on the cap, “PGN 75” on the body; available in:

Bottles of 90: NDC 0071-1014-68
Unit-Dose Blister Packages of 100: NDC 0071-1014-41

100 mg capsules:

Orange, hard-gelatin capsule printed with black ink “Pfizer” on the cap, “PGN 100” on the body, available in:

Bottles of 90: NDC 0071-1015-68
Unit-Dose Blister Packages of 100: NDC 0071-1015-41

150 mg capsules:

White hard gelatin capsule printed with black ink “Pfizer” on the cap, “PGN 150” on the body, available in:

Bottles of 90: NDC 0071-1016-68
Unit-Dose Blister Packages of 100: NDC 0071-1016-41

200 mg capsules:

Light orange hard gelatin capsule printed with black ink “Pfizer” on the cap, “PGN 200” on the body, available in:

Bottles of 90: NDC 0071-1017-68

225 mg capsules:

White/light orange hard gelatin capsule printed with black ink “Pfizer” on the cap, “PGN 225” on the body; available in:

Bottles of 90: NDC 0071-1019-68

300 mg capsules:

White/orange hard gelatin capsule printed with black ink “Pfizer” on the cap, “PGN 300” on the body, available in:

Bottles of 90: NDC 0071-1018-68

20 mg/mL oral solution:

16 fluid ounce white high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle with a polyethylene-lined closure.

Storage and Handling

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) (see USP Controlled Room Temperature). For the oral solution, use within 45 days of first opening the bottle.

Capsules manufactured by: Pfizer Pharmaceuticals LLC Vega Baja, PR 00694. Oral Solution manufactured by: Pfizer Inc Kalamazoo, MI 49001. Distributed by: Parke-Davis, Division of Pfizer Inc, NY, NY 10017. Revised 10/2010

 

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