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mso-style-unhide:no; mso-tstyle-shading:silver; mso-tstyle-shading-themecolor:text1; mso-tstyle-shading-themetint:63; mso-tstyle-border-left:cell-none; mso-tstyle-border-right:cell-none; mso-tstyle-border-insideh:cell-none; mso-tstyle-border-insidev:cell-none;} table.MsoTableLightShadingOddRow {mso-style-name:"Light Shading"; mso-table-condition:odd-row; mso-style-priority:60; mso-style-unhide:no; mso-tstyle-shading:silver; mso-tstyle-shading-themecolor:text1; mso-tstyle-shading-themetint:63; mso-tstyle-border-left:cell-none; mso-tstyle-border-right:cell-none; mso-tstyle-border-insideh:cell-none; mso-tstyle-border-insidev:cell-none;} --> <!--[endif] --><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="5122" /> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1" /> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]-->

 

 

 

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<!--[if !supportLists]--><!--[endif]-->تبداً البراعم فى التفتح فى بداية الربيع إذا انتهت حالة السكون بها وتوفرت لها الظروف الجوية اللازمة للنمو ومن أهم هذه الظروف هى توفر كمية كافية من الحرارة  لتساعد على حدوث التفاعلات الكيماوية التى تؤدى إلى تكوين المواد اللازمة للنمو.


وتحسب كمية الحرارة بطرق مختلفة وأكثر الطرق استخداما الاَن هى الطريقة التى تعرف بطريقة (حساب درجات النمو بالساعة
Growing Degree Hours (GDH) وعند استخدام هذه الطريقة تحدد درجة الحرارة التى يبدأ عندها النمو وتحدد غالباً فى التفاح مثلا بدرجة 4.4oم ثم يتم الحصول على درجات الحرارة السائدة فى المنطقة كل ساعة خلال الفترة من انتهاء السكون الداخلى حتى تفتح البراعم ويقدر GDH طبقاً للمعادلة الأتية :

<!--[if !supportLists]--> GDH = مجموع ( درجة حرارة الساعة – درجة بدء النمو ).

وعموماً فكلما توفرت كمية الحرارة المطلوبة فى منطقة ما بسرعة كلما كان التفتح أكثر تبكيراً بشرط انتهاء السكون الداخلى ولذلك فإن الذى يحدد التبكير أو التاخير فى التزهير ليس السكون الداخلى وكمية الحرارة اللازمة للتفتح بمفردهما على ذلك فإن موعد بدء تفتح البراعم والتزهير يختلف من موسم لأخر طبقاً للظروف الجوية السائدة واختلاف الصنف ومدى احتياجاته للبرودة وتوفر الظروف الحرارية المناسبة  

                                                                                                           

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