If the present large volumes of nitrogen-containing wastewater of domestic and industrial origin are discharged into the environment without proper treatment, they lead to extensive soil and water pollution. Proper elimination of pollutants from these effluents is essential in industrialized countries and is becoming increasingly important from an environmental and human health point of view in developing and emerging countries. Beside the conventional nitrogen removal process (lithoautotrophic nitrification and denitrification), novel and cost-effective biological nitrogen elimination processes have been developed, including simultaneous nitrification and denitrification, anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox), and its combined system (completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite, Canon). This review summarizes the recent studies dealing with agricultural, domestic and industrial wastewaters regarding their nitrogen content. Traditional and novel biological nitrogen elimination technologies are reviewed.  Furthermore, recent studies dealing with temperature, dissolved oxygen, nitrate concentration, salinity, pH or the free ammonia concentration as factors affecting the nitrogen removal efficiency have also been incorporated


Prof. Gaber Breisha

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نشرت فى 19 إبريل 2011 بواسطة gaberbresha

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Dear Dr. Gaber,
In western industerial counteries they have a problem of acid rain which acually affect of cultivated areas as willas pastures and animal health thereafter.
Could you please consider that point in next lecture.
Many thanks


I will my friend, I will

Gaber Breisha فى 17 مايو 2011

Prof. Gaber Breisha

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم: أعدكم جميعاً أن أعمل جاهداً ليكون هذا الموقع مفيداً لكل من يريد أن يستمتع بالمعرفة، وأتمنى أن يشعرني هذا العمل أنني أديت دوري في الحياه، وأنني جدير أن أكون ضمن الذين كلفهم الله بعمارة الأرض وأقرر أنني لا أبتغي من وراء ذلك شيئ سوى أن يكون »


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