The activity of furfural to control the causal agent of wheat flag smut Urocystis agropyri. (Preuss.) Schrot.
M.A. AL- Hamdany and H.N. AL-Noaimi
Citation: 1999. Iraqi J. Agric. 4(1):164-176
A highly significant evidence of the fungicidal action of furfural on wheat flag smut (Urocystis agropyri Preuss) Schrot was observed. Soaking inoculated wheat kernels in furfural (1000-10000 ppm), caused significant reduction in disease incidence. The incidence was reduced from 85.3% to 13% when the inoculated kernels were soaked in 10000 ppm furfural for 5 minutes. However, similar results were also obtained when the inoculated seeds were thoroughly mixed with charcoal impregnated with furfural (5000-10000). The efficiency of furfural was demonstrated under favorable conditions for flag smut disease development.
Key Words: Furfural, Disease Control, Wheat flag smut, Urocystis agropyri