How to do reading
EXPAND THE TEXT
With short, simple texts, get students to add an adjective in front of every noun / an adverb to every verb etc.
For slightly longer texts - before class write (10) extra clauses or sentences that can be inserted into the text. Write these up in jumbled order on the board and get students to add them in the most appropriate places.
REDUCE THE TEXT
Get students to reduce the text to EXACTLY (100) words OR reduce the total number of sentences by (50%).
RECONSTRUCT THE TEXT
Before class, write a list of key words from the text in jumbled order on a sheet of paper. Make one copy for each group of students.
In class, give out the text to all the students. Get them to read it through. Now ask them to turn over the text. Hand out the jumbled keywords. Ask students to put the keywords back into the correct order WITHOUT LOOKING AT THE TEXT. When they get stuck, allow them to reread to the text (but first get them to cover up the jumbled words again.)
When all the students have got the words in the correct order, take the text away. Get students to reconstruct the text (orally or in writing) from the key words.
Before class, get a heavy black pen and cross out the first sentence of each paragraph. (If you downloaded the page off the web, use your word processor to delete the sentences before printing.)
In class, write the missing sentences up in jumbled order on the board and get students to add them back into the text in the correct place.
Note: choosing the first sentence of a paragraph is particularly useful as these often summarize the main idea of the paragraph. Students can use these sentences to help them understand and structure the text.